Resolution 1

20 YEARS OF GLOBALIZATION:
STOP THE ECONOMIC AND ANTI-LABOUR REFORMS BASED ON LPG AND PUBLISH A WHITE PAPER

Our country is completing 20 years since Globalisation was formally launched in 1991 by the then Finance Minister Dr. Man Mohan Singh through his maiden budget. Since 1991 a series of law and policy reforms were introduced in the country to liberalise agriculture, industry and services. The old LPQ raj (Licence, Permit, Quota raj) was replaced by the new LPG (Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation) raj which is against the constitutional mandate. It spread like a fashion among the intellectuals and the economists, terming themselves as “new Indian” and “global Indian”. Preamble to 8th plan said that globalisation will bring in jobs and erase foreign debt. Traditional idea of all-round ‘development’ was replaced by the idea of unidirectional or one sided ‘growth’. Instead of the traditional manufacturing sector, service, knowledge and corporate sectors together are the new engines of growth. Least importance is given to Agriculture and allied activities. India surrendered to capitalist countries by signing GATT agreement forming WTO.
India is described as the 2nd fastest growing economy. But Indian growth is now termed as “jobless growth”. Inflation has risen to a record height. India is still in stagflation i.e. high inflation but no job growth.
1/4th of Indian workforce is unemployed. Agriculture sector which gives 60% of the total employment showed a negative growth after 1994. Agriculture sector was grossly neglected by the successive Governments whether at the Centre or States. Hence it has become a loss making sector and farmers are becoming debtors. More than 2 lakh Farmers committing suicide has become a curse to the country. After the reforms, large number of small scale industries either became sick or remained closed. Governmental price controls aimed at stabilizing prices through government intervention do not allow derivatives market or forward trading to flourish.
India’s population constitutes one sixth of world population. But our poor population constitutes a third of the world’s poor. IFPRI’s (International Food Policy Research Institute) study on poverty elimination says India ranks 65th position in Global Hunger Index for 2009. In Global Human development Report of UNDP for 2010, India ranks 119th position out of 169. In terms of gender equality, UNDP’s Gender Development Index in 2010 ranked India 122nd among 138 countries. India has the world’s largest literate population. At the same time we have also 1/3rd of the globe’s illiterate population. Official BPL rate is 23% and APL is 77%. But the Unorganised Sector Enterprises Commission of 2004 has found just the reverse statistics. It found that 77% of the population of the country (836 million) has an average income of below 20 Rupees per day. NSSO Report says 55% have an income of Rs.12.5 per day.
It is alarming to note that India’s foreign trade which is the basis of the reforms, is day by day resulting in huge deficit. The foreign trade deficit which was 3810 crores at the beginning of reforms is now 1,84,279 crores. The proponents of globalisation had said that foreign capital would bring more jobs. But according to the Human Development Report, MNCs did not generate jobs as expected.
Labour scenario is also not encouraging. Job security and decent work have become forgone dreams for the workforce. Labour laws and social security laws are tried to be exempted in newly emerging areas like Special Economic Zones, Export Processing Zones, 100% Export Oriented Units, newly emerging IT parks, Textile parks, pharma hubs etc. Labour laws are poorly enforced. India has ratified only 43 out of the 188 ILO conventions and four out of the eight core ILO conventions.
The adverse impact of reforms on unorganised-rural sector is enormous. Unorganised sector contributes 60% of GDP, 68% of income and 60% of savings. The share of Organised sector employment in total employment has declined. When loss of employment and unemployment increased in organised sector, the burden shifted to unorganised sector. Unorganised sector has expanded from 92.07% in 1983 to about 94.1% in 2005. The share of unorganised sector is 53% in China, 44% in Brazil. Unorganised sector is associated with unstable jobs, poor pay, bad working conditions and less opportunities for advancement.
There is a worsening of the quality of employment. Increase in proportion of casual labour is generally treated as an index of deterioration in the quality of employment since casual employment is not associated with job security or other benefits. There is substantial wage gap after the reforms between regular and other workers especially contract labour. Only 1% of casual workers were covered under some type of provident fund scheme. According to the study of OECD and World Bank’s “Country Overview 2006”, inequalities have increased with wider wage disparities over the past decade in India and China.
Contractualisation process which is similar to bonded labour, has increased sharply. In many industries around 80% of regular employments have been converted as contract employment. Due to Structural Adjustment Programme, reforms, closure etc. there has been heavy job loss. In spite of all these, the incidence of strikes is generally on the decline in the post-liberalisation period i.e. after1991. The number of man days lost due to strikes has gone down substantially. Trade unions, especially BMS are the first to sense the onslaught of globalisation on the downtrodden as we are the most proximate social activists interacting close to them. Trade unions need to be more aggressive to increase their bargaining power.
Recent crisis has been the result of globalisation since only globalised and “opened up” areas due to LPG are most affected. Decades of deregulation policies and banking sector failure have been the major causes for the current global financial crisis. Stock market has been raised to a vital position in which it is treated as an indicator of the state of economy. Savings of common man including the pension fund of aged people are lost in the gambling. The capitalistic steps taken by many Governments to check the crisis failed as the steps are the same as that led to the crisis.
India is one of the least affected countries in the world. There were attempts to bring down the control of RBI over banks. Narasimham Committee reports I & II proposed strong de-regulation. But due to opposition from trade unions and other social organisations deregulation did not run amok in India. In 2008 April-May, again the Raghuram Rajan expert committee had recommended adoption of the speculative banking practices of the west in India. Further the Government tried to invest PF amount in risky and speculative share market. Neo liberal idea of SEZ even at the cost of human lives in Nandigram and Singoor was imposed by the Communist Government in West Bengal where it has officially accepted capitalism as the ideology. UPA Government’s aggressive move to conclude Free Trade Agreements (FTA) with Developed Countries including EU would have disastrous consequences on India.
Hence the 16th National Conference of Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh held at Jalgaon, Maharashtra calls upon the Government of India to:
1. Stop forthwith the economic and labour reforms based on Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation (LPG) and adopt a swadeshi approach for total development.
2. Take stringent measures to curb price rise including banning forward trading.
3. Stop forthwith and withdraw all measures taken on financial de-regulation, Banking reforms and opening up of banking and insurance sectors to foreign capital.
4. Universalise social security and welfare spending and packages should benefit the common man.
5. Instead of providing stimulus package to erring industrialists, allot more budget for social security schemes to all workers of our country, like health protection, pension, gratuity, unemployment allowance etc.
6. Withdraw ban on recruitment and creation of new posts and all types of austerity measures and savings on wage bill of the Government employees and public sector, and regularise services of all temporary employees, contract labour etc.,
7. Convene a round table conference of all those sections including trade unions that have stake in economic matters to discuss about the economic changes sought to be brought about.
8. Publish a white paper on the post-Globalisation scenario.

Resolution 2

BRING BACK ILLEGAL MONEY STASHED ABROAD

The subject of illicit money stashed abroad has been under serious discussion for the past few years particularly after the last general election. In view of the issue being vigorously raised by the opposition parties, particularly BJP, the present head of ruling front also could not remain a silent spectator. It also added the subject in their poll agenda. In fact after the election the ruling party made a promise through the Presidential address on 4.6.2009 in the Parliament. But all these announcements seem to be an empty rhetoric, as nothing has been genuinely initiated. The Supreme Court is also vigorously pursuing the matter, in view of many public interest litigations including the one by Sri. Ram Jethmalani. Wiky Leaks, a popular website is also about to announce such names shortly.

Recently Prime minister and Finance minister have announced that names of Indian deposit holders of such money in foreign countries, can not be made public, in view of the legal hurdles. But such doubtful announcements can not be accepted by the general public, as the quantum of such stashed Money seems to be very huge. Prof. Vaidyanathan, Head of the Dept of Finance and Control at the Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore and a visiting faculty at Manchester Business School says that Indian black money, estimated to the tune of $ 1.4 trillion ( Rs 70 lakh crores) is deposited in such tax havens. Global Financial Integrity (GRI) studies show that an average amount of $ 27. 6 billion is going out every year from India. During 2002-06 a sum of $ 136 billion, was stashed abroad. But the ruling front is only trying to dispute the estimated quantum by saying “ The estimates like the one by BJP task force, which put the amount between USD 500 billion and USD 1400 billion and international estimate of USD 462 billion are based on unverifiable assumptions and approximations”. Without showing any real or keen interest to bring back such stashed money, they say the lame excuses like no legal frame available right now etc., Whether it is USD 462 billon (Rs. 20 lakh crores approximately) or USD 500 billon to USD 1.4 trillions, it is the prime duty of the Central Govt to bring back such stashed money to India, as our poor people need money for their education, drinking water, sanitation and other basic amenities.

The Govt is silent, as many of such possible depositors may be some of the unscrupulous of big politicians, bureaucrats (both retired and in service), big traders and big industrialists. One can easily presume that such silence is forced on the ruling front, in view of the following facts.

1. Germany, which could get the details of such deposit holders, by some means, was and is ready to give such details to any country, as announced even in the year 2009. Nobody knows the steps, taken by the Govt of India, to get back such deposited money, as it announced earlier that Germany had given names of such persons, who have such deposits in LGT Bank of Lichtenstein.

2. When U.S, Germany and many other continental countries could get the details from Swiss Bank called UBS, the largest banking institution in Switzerland, why not India, particularly, when Switzerland has very big investments in our country? The Govt of India should even go to the level of compelling Switzerland either to co-operate or face consequences. When U.S. could make UBS Bank of Switzerland to pay a huge sum USD 780 million as fine for its offenses, why not India?

3. It seems that Pakisthan is behind the act of printing Indian currencies and our country, particularly Kerala, becoming a prime location for converting black money into white money . In fact Prof. Vaidhyanathan said recently that our Finance Ministry revealed that an amount of 150 crore rupees, in counterfeit, was seized from a hi-profile person. No political leader has taken any serious step to know the details and tried to make it public. What is the action initiated by the Central Govt in this regard, as there is every possibility of terrorist money being floated in to our country.

4. Our Prime minister and Finance minister say that there is no legal frame available with us to get the stashed money abroad. What is the difficulty with present laws, including Money Laundering Act 2002 ? What is the difficulty in disclosing the names of such account holders?

5. We are part of Egmont Groups, which is an international body to stimulate co-operation among Financial Intelligent Unit ( FIU) across the Globe. Our F.I.U is competent to meet an important equipment of Financial Action Task Force (FATP) and our membership would facilitate and enhance the exchange of informations with others details. It seems that FIU – INDIA is in possession of huge data of cash transactions including suspicious one. What is the action taken by the Govt in this regard?

Prof. Vaidyanathan says that bringing back the trillions of dollars of Indian money, kept in tax havens like Switzerland is no difficulty. But he doubts whether the Govt has “will” to do it.

He also said that recession experienced countries like U.S initiated steps for the recovery of such stashed money of Americans in various Tax havens. We should not wait till recession touches our door.

Therefore B.M.S demands :-
1. The Central Govt should immediately announce the names of such Indian deposit holders of stashed money, since the people have the right to know the culprits. If such deposits are on benamy names, real beneficiaries should be identified and announced to the public. This is important, as the names furnished by Germany to our Govt were said to be benami holders. It was also learnt that some such stashed money holders, died without even informing their own legal heirs to enjoy the booty.

2. The Central Govt should take immediate steps to bring back such stashed Indian money, within a fixed time frame, even by enacting necessary legal frame.

3. The Central Govt is required to take stringent measures so that no further attempt in future is made by any Indian, to take away such money abroad.

National Level Workers Rally, 23rd November 2011

National Level Workers  rally, 23rd November 2011.

The massive gathering of karyakarthas of BMS in connection with Parliament March held today resolved to conduct National Strike during the next budget session of Parliament in 2012. However the exact date will be finalized after consultation with other Central Trade Unions.

Resolution 3

On the unorganized worker.

1. The much sought after The Unorganized Workers Social Security Act, 2008 belied the aspirations of 93% of the Indian workforce and is lying in an inanimate state.

2. The Central Government framed Rules under the UWSS Act and constituted The National Social Security Board for the Unorganized worker, as per the Act. The Board met for four times, but did not frame welfare schemes so far. Identification of the beneficiaries and issue of identity cards have not yet commenced. Above all, the Government of India did not allot welfare fund, which is crucial. The Finance Minister had allotted Rs. 1000 crs. in the budget of 2010-11 for the unorganized workers welfare Fund. But it is not known whether it is for utilization under the UWSS Act. Neither, there has been any sign of having spent the fund in the welfare of unorganized worker in any other manner nor the whereabouts of the fund are available.

3. The existing welfare schemes for few categories of unorganized sector workers are brought under the UWSS Act, namely :

(a). Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme,(b)National Family Benefit Scheme, (c) Janani Suraksha Yojana, (d). Handloom Weavers’ Coop. Welfare Scheme, (e). Hndicraft Artisans’ Comprehensive Welfare Scheme, (f). Pension to Master Crafts Persons, (g). National Scheme for Welfare of Fishermen and Training Extension, (h). Janshree Bima Yojana, (i). Aam Admi Bima Yojana, (j). Rashtriya Swastya Bima Yojana. It is deplorable to note that not even a single worker was given the benefit of these schemes during the last 3 years under the UWSS.

4. The State Governments are empowered to deliver benefits to the unorganized sector workers by framing Rules, constituting State Social Security Boards and allotting welfare Fund. But so far not a single State Government has taken up  the process of implementation of the UWSS Act. It is to recall that during the consultations preparatory to the passage of the legislation, the State Governments expressed against providing of fund and volunteered to arrange for benefit delivery. It appears that they stood their ground. In the result, the unorganized sector worker is left high and dry, and the welfare remained a mirage. Government of India should realize the gravity of the situation.

5. The Trade Unions, on their part have been demanding for setting up of welfare fund and implementation of the UWSS Act. 9 Central Trade Unions held a national convention on 14th September, 2009 at Mavlankar Hall New Delhi and in continuation conducted programmes throughout the Country. But there is no response from the Government, except allotment of Rs. 1000 cr. in the Budget of 2010-11, where abouts of which are not known.

6. The UWSS Act is plagued with basic infirmities and lacunae. To mention few :-
(a)The workers in the organized sector are entitled for securing benefits under the existing Acts. Due to certain restrictive clauses and thresholds like the number of workers employed, infancy period of the enterprise and length of the service of the workers, the Acts are not applicable. The manipulations and lack of will on the part of employers and the apathy of the Government machinery deprived a majority of the workers in the organized sector from the coverage benefits of the Acts. Such workers are termed as “unorganized workers in the organized sector” and brought under the purview of the UWSS Act. This is against the basic objective for which the Act was conceived.

(b) The job of identification of beneficiaries, issuance of identity cards, delivery of benefits and maintenance of records is sought to be entrusted to the District Administration, the Municipal and Panchayat Raj institutions. Besides being over burdened with their own work, these institutions are lacking in credibility and sincerity of purpose.

(c) The UWSS Act has no provisions related to wage and service conditions for wage workers and avenues of employment and related assistance for self employed workers.

7. As regards the earlier enactments for the unorganized workers, the Beedi and Cigar workers Act 1966, the Beedi Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1976 have become redundant due to fund crunch. Various State Governments have not taken up implementation of The Building and Other Construction Workers (RECS) Act, 1996 by issuing identity cards to construction workers and delivery of benefits. Besides, the State Governments are not sincere in collection of welfare fund as stipulated in the Act.

8. The 16th Triennial National Conference of BMS held at Jalgaon (Maharashtra) from 19 to 21st February, 2011 demands the following.

(a) The UWSS Act, 2008 should be amended (i) to cover only the unorganized sector workers and the self employed workers, (ii) to provide for wage rates and service conditions for the wage workers and avenues of employment and earnings and the attendant facilities like place to work, availability and access to the inputs/raw materials, storage, marketing, finance for the self employed workers, (iii) to set up an independent machinery to administer the UWSS Act by the Central Government, on the lines of EPF and ESIC Organisations, (iv) to empower the National Social Security Board  and State Boards to frame welfare schemes and to administer and monitor,
(b)    Welfare fund, equivalent to 5% of GDP should be provided.
©  A separate comprehensive Law should be enacted for the
agriculture  and allied sector workers.

(d) The Government should streamline the Beedi Workers Welfare Fund     collection, including from the small manufacturers, and allot adequate further fund to the Beedi workers welfare fund, and ensure benefit delivery to all the beedi workers. The rate of benefits should be increased in view of the high inflation.

(e) The Central Government  should take stringent steps against the State  Governments and ensure coverage of all the  construction workers and full implementation of the BOCW(RECS) Act, 1996. The scheme benefits should be widened and rate be increased. Also, the implementation of the portion related to conditions of service should be enforced.

(f) The Central Government should set up a negotiating forum to settle problems of workers in the unorganized sector under all Acts.

Resolution 4

ON CONTRACT LABOUR 

Any amount of narration would be incomplete in respect of the vows of the Contract Labour. It may be recalled that BMS conducted nation-wide survey on the plight of Contract Labour during the year 2007 and adopted a resolution in the last 15th National Conference held in April 2008 at Cuttack, Odisha after elaborate discussion. Programmes followed highlighting the issue.

2. The 42nd Indian Labour Conference held in February 2009 discussed on the exploitation of Contract Labour and recommended to the Government to make amendments in the Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act, 1970.  In pursuance there to, during June 2009, the Government appointed Tripartite Group to examine and suggest amendments to the Act. There were two labour representations in the Group one each from BMS & INTUC. The Group concluded the deliberations by the end of December 2009. As there was no unanimity, the representatives of workers, employers and Government submitted their proposals separately. Besides others, the views of workers representatives included (i) All benefits and allowances at par with ILO Standards and that of the employees of Central PSUs and Central Government and (ii) Speedy and on the spot verification regarding   the perennial nature of jobs  and  100% absorption of the working Contract labourers on issue of the notification under Sec. 10(2).

3. Soon after, on 22-01-2010, the issue of amendment to the CL(R&A) Act was also discussed in the State Labour Ministers Conference and the following proposal for  amendment  was unanimously accepted.  (quote)
i) In case where the contract labour performs the same or similar kind of work as the workmen directly appointed by the Principal Employer, the wage rates, holidays, hours of work social security and other conditions of service of contract labour shall be the same as is available to the workmen on the rolls of Principal Employer. In case same or similar kind of work is not being performed by the workmen directly employed by the Principal Employer, the Appropriate Government will notify the wage rates, holidays, hours of work, social security and other conditions of service.
ii) Whenever a contract is given to a contractor, the contract agreement between the Principal Employer and the Contractor should clearly indicate the wages contribution towards social security schemes and other benefits that are to be paid by the contractor to the contracted workman.
4. As one of the agenda items, this was further discussed in the subsequent 43rd Indian Labour Conference at its meeting at New Delhi on 23, 24 November, 2010.   Here again, unanimity eluded on the twin issues of regularisation of services of contract labour and payment of wage  and benefits at par with permanent employees.  However, the workers representatives in the ILC endorsed the views of its representatives  contained in the report of the Tripartite Group, mentioned here in before.

5. Earlier, the Group of Minister, 2002 had identified ten activities such as sweeping and cleaning as ancillary, supportive and peripheral which may be kept out of the purview of Sec.10 of the Act. The Special Subject Group constituted by the Prime Minister’s Council on Trade and Industry had recommended to “Regulate contract labour in various industries to non-core activities of a company and not abolish it.  This should be made explicit in the CL(RA)Act, 1970 by amending the relevant portions of the Act. This clause should clearly define that contract labour could not be utilized in the concerned company’s continuing manufacturing process and should be relegated only to company’s non-core needs.” All jobs & activities are complimentary and supplementary to each other and essential for smooth functioning of the enterprise. BMS opposes this proposal for classification of core & non-core.  This is against the objective of The CL(RA) Act which does not discriminate the jobs, but only envisages to identify whether perennial etc.

6. It is worthy to mention the two developments. The Government presented the Annual Report to People on Employment on 1st July, 2010. The short term strategies and targets related to the contract labour are as follows.
Para 6.1.iv. “Statutory provisions to provide social security and improved conditions of work and remuneration of contract workers at par with the regular employees.” This appears as a camouflage to bypass the provision of regularisation of services of contract labour, in conformity with the Sec. 10 of CL(R&A) Act, 1970
7. Also, the Secretary, Labour & Employment, GOI, told media in September, 2010, that there is a proposal to amend the Contract Labour (R&A) Act, 1970 to facilitate payment of wage, facilities, benefits and social security to Contract Labour as received by regular employees, to satisfy the demand of workers. At the same time the Industry would be given the ‘flexibility’ to hire contract labour. This militates against the objective of the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970, which prohibits engagement of contract labour in perennial jobs.  BMS Opposes this ‘flexibility’ both in theory and practice
8. It is apt to recollect that the Supreme Court Judgment of 2001 in the SAIL case did not remove the right of the contract worker for regularisation of services, where the parameters laid down in Sec. 10 of the Act are attracted, but only directed that the procedure laid down by the Act be followed which implies the issuance of notification of prohibition by the appropriate Government, on the basis of the recommendation of the Contract Labour Advisory Boards. This procedure is cumbersome and time consuming besides jeopardizing the very continuity of existing employment as contract labour. Further that Supreme Court declared that the Act does not envisage automatic regularisation of the services of the contract labour, in the event of the prohibition under Sec. 10 of the Act.  This only brought to light that the Act provisions are not commensurate with the objective of the Act. So, it becomes the responsibility of the Government to amend the Act, to fulfil the objective.
9. The other major lacunae of the Act is the Rule 24(2)(iv) which stipulated that the wage payable to the contract worker  shall not be less than the rates notified as per the Minimum Wages Act, 1948. The norms for fixation of minimum wage rates are not specified in the M.W. Act. As such the rates notified under this Act by the appropriate Governments is about Rs. 3000/- to 4000/- making the worker as ‘working poor’.  The Constitution of India directs the Government to provide a living wage. The 15th Indian Labour Conference laid down the norms for fixation of minimum wage rates. While ratifying these norms, The Supreme Court of India  in its Judgment in the case of Reptacas Bret & Co. held that an amount equivalent to 25% be added. The 2nd National Commission on Labour, 2002 and The National   Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector, 2007 approved and recommended the norms of minimum wages laid down by the 15th ILC.  The Government has stated on record that the appropriate Governments are considering these norms while fixing the Minimum Wage Rates under the M.W.Act.  While appreciating this statement of the Government, we represented to the Government that the rates so far notified are no where near the rates that would have been, had these norms of 15th ILC  were followed.  There is no response from the Government for our demand to arrange for review and re-fixation of the minimum wage rates.
10. The Contact Worker is subjected to deprivation of the social security provided by the ESI Act, 1948 and EPF &MP Act, 1952. due to the violation of the provisions by the Employer. Sec.40 and Para 30 of the ESI Act and EPF Scheme respectively of the two Acts mandate the Principal Employer to pay the contributions  related to the contract labour,  directly to the designated authorities under these Acts. Violating the mandate the Principal Employer is said to be making payment to the contractor providing him an opportunity to misappropriate the contributions, the hard earned wages of the worker.  The Authorities under these Acts are not enforcing these provisions of these Acts, which amounts to abatement of the misappropriation.
11. In the circumstances, this 16th Conference of Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh demands the following.
1. The system and provision for engaging Contract labour should be abolished. In any event fulfilment and compliance of norms of wage, social securities, other benefits, conditions of service and terminal benefits by the Principal employer should be made mandatory.
2. The CL(RA)Act, 1970 should be amended
(a) to provide for automatic absorption of the serving contract labour in the event of notification prohibiting engagement of contract labour under Sec.10, and others; to offset the pernicious effects of the SAIL judgement of 2001.
(b) To provide for on the spot and expeditious verification of the nature of job, whether perennial and attract the parameters of Sec.10 of the Act, and to issue notification.
(c)To remove the threshold limit of 20 workers for the applicability of the Act.
(d)To provide for fixing responsibility on the Principal  Employer in respect of the payment of wage and other benefits of the contract workers and payment of contributions towards the ESI and EPF to the designated authorities directly.
(e)To provide for payment of gratuity and bonus.
(f)To provide for implementation of the existing provisions and Rules there under, in letter and spirit.
(g)To provide for payment of wage through Bank or post office.
(h)To provide for continuity of  Contract Workers in the work even if the Contractor is changed, and  should not be terminated as long as the work continues.
(i) To provide for regulation of the terms of contract between the Principal employer and contractor, and the amount of contract should be sufficient for compliance of wage, benefits and social security as per the existing laws.
(j) To provide for 100% compliance of the Registration of establishments and issue of license for engaging contract labour. The contract workers should be treated as employees of the Principal employer in the event of failure to comply with registration of a establishment and obtaining license by the employer on contractor.
(k)To provide for payment of wage, benefits and social security to contract labour at par with regular employees.
(l) To provide for a forum for representation of grievances and negotiation to contract labour.
(m) The Contract Labour should be declared as voters along with the permanent employees of the establishment in the secrete ballot elections for identification of majority Union
held  under the code of discipline or by the
Government  Departments.
3. The Sec.40 of ESI Act, 1948 and Para 30 of EPF Scheme under the EPF & MP Act, 1952 should be enforced strictly and it should be ensured that the  Principal Employer remits the contributions to the designated authorities directly. The minimum threshold of 10 or 20 workers for the coverage of these Acts should be removed.
4. The proposal for identification of jobs as ancillary/non-core, and excluding them from the purview of Sect. 10 of CL(RA) Act is unscientific and  should be withdrawn.
5.The Government issued Financial instructions on Budget/expenditure, economy measures, rationalization of expenditure and measures for augmentation of revenues etc. which are the main cause for the engagement of contract labour and out sourcing in the Government Offices,  Departmental undertakings, PSEs and various schemes. As these instructions are against natural justice, fair play and leading to non-inclusive growth should be withdrawn forthwith and the employees should be made regular on where is and as is basis.
6. Awarding contract to Labour Cooperative Societies should be mandatory, to eliminate the middleman and the attendant exploitation.
7. The Government should arrange to amend the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 incorporating the 15th ILC norms of wage rate fixation and  the Supreme Court orders.
8.Recruitment of contract labour in core sector enterprises, (like power, coal, steel, cement), should be banned, as the jobs are invariably of perennial nature.
9. Government should  establish a statistical wing to  compile number of contract labour, the wage rate and level social security provided to them.
10. The posts of Labour Department should be filled up and additional posts should be created and filled up, to ensure implementation of Acts.

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